The three main conditions of proper lawn maintenance are ensuring the soil has sufficient amount of nutrients, the area is free of any weeds or pest problems, and any small-scale maintenance procedures are routinely performed. While many routinely maintained lawns in the United States may already have a soil rich in the crucial nutrients needed for new grass to grow, other individuals may not be as lucky and find that no matter how many times they plant and water any new grass they can still see empty patches when examining their lawns. Therefore, any person that encounters any problem associated with uneven patches of grass should consider it likely that their soil is in need of fertilizer. In addition, it is highly recommended to address this before any other maintenance procedures are performed. Typically, the early months of spring are considered the best time to do so, giving the newly planted grass the maximum chance to take advantage of greater amount of sunlight experienced during summer months. In addition to fertilizer, it is just as important to ensure the area is free of any weeds or pest problems that will interfere with the future growth of grass. While the homeowners themselves can remove most weeds, pest problems may pose a more difficult challenge. Certain cases of pest infestation may actually require the strong pesticides that in many areas can legally only be sprayed by a licensed professionals.
After the individual ensures that their lawn is free of any pest problems and weeds, and their soil is rich enough for new grass to grow, they will be ready to focus on the routine maintenance procedures that will need to be performed. First, the grass will have to be routinely mowed, and it is recommended to set the mower blades to the highest available setting, which will usually be above 3 inches. In the summer months and as long as the grass is in good condition and growing properly, this will typically translate to having to mow the lawn at least once a week. Watering the grass is just as important as any of the aforementioned procedures, as sufficient amount of water is necessary for the process of photosynthesis in plants. However, it is just as important to make sure one does not water the grass too frequently, as too much water can actually hurt the growth process. Typically, it is best to water one's entire lawn in the early hours of the morning, thus ensuring that it stays hydrated during even the hottest days of the summer.